Elvira Erman, A. Alma Rodriguez

Autoimmune thyroiditis (chronic, lymphocytic) is more commonly known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis after the Japanese surgeon

who first described it in 1912. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is the most common cause of hypothyroidism in areas of adequate iodine intake. The annual incidence of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis worldwide is estimated to be 0.3–1.5 cases per 1000 people. The incidence of Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is estimated to be 10–15 times higher in women. Hashimoto’s thyroiditis most commonly affects the 30–50 age group, with the peak incidence in men occurring 10–15 years later. The overall incidence of hypothyroidism increases with age in men and women.

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